Wednesday, December 12, 2012

OBIEE Infrastructure Tuning Whitepaper

The Oracle BI / EPM Product Assurance Engineering Team have published an updated version of their whitepaper, "Best Practices Guide for Infrastructure Tuning Oracle® Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g Release 1 (," (see blog post). This has been updated to include version of Oracle Business Intelligence.
Best Practices Guide for Infrastructure Tuning Oracle® Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition 11g Release 1 (,
The first paragraph of the whitepaper describes who this document is intended for:
"This document is written for people who monitor performance and tune the components in a BI environment. It is assumed that readers know server administration, Oracle® Fusion Middleware (FMW), hardware performance tuning fundamentals, web servers, java application servers and database."

And, do note the disclaimer:
"Disclaimer: All tuning information stated in this guide is only for orientation, every modification has to be tested and its impact should be monitored and analyzed. Before implementing any of the tuning settings, it is recommended to carry out end to end performance testing that will also include to obtain baseline performance data for the default configurations, make incremental changes to the tuning settings and then collect performance data. Otherwise it may worse the system performance."

Happy reading.
12.12.12 (yes, another reason to post this today)

Thursday, December 06, 2012

Book Review - Oracle BI 11g Developer’s Guide, by Mark Rittman

Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developer’s Guide, by Mark Rittman
(Amazon USKindle-US)

Writing a book on the Oracle Business Intelligence suite is a tall order. At more than a thousand pages, this book measures up to the task, literally, and as you will read this book - figuratively also.

So, have I read the entire book? No. I have not. It is close to 1100 pages long, and I have read parts of it, and skimmed through much of the remainder. Why am I writing this review before I have read the entire book then, eh? Well, to be honest, reading the entire book is going to take longer than I thought. I have had this electronic version of the book for several weeks now, and I was starting to feel like I should put something out lest I let the year end and a new year begin. For what it's worth, I do hope to keep adding new posts as I read through the unread portions of the book. So take this as a caveat. Anything else? Yes, one more, though more of a disclosure.

Disclaimer: I received a free e-book version of this book, courtesy Mc-Graw Hill, and thanks to Mark Rittman. I also, separately, and later, obtained access to an online version of this book via a subscription to Safari Books Online (
Also note that I am reviewing this book in my personal capacity, and not representing Oracle in any way. 

Anything else? Yes, one more disclosure. I am a product manager with the Oracle Business Intelligence group, and have worked to bring some of the products and features covered in this book. That is guaranteed to bias my review, in what ways I don't know. Read and let me know.

So who is this book aimed at? Everyone. No, really. Everyone working with Oracle's BI toolset, to be sure. This includes people who have worked with the 10g version and expect to, if haven't already, moved to 11g. It includes people with such roles as administrators, metadata modellers, report authors, dashboard authors, and more. This is basically the big kahuna.

This book adopts a bottom-up approach, which is quite the sensible thing to do when organizing a book for the business intelligence developer. While talking about and presenting to an audience, I have found it useful to adopt a top-down approach, since it makes the audience understand how something they see has being built, that approach is likely to confuse and frustrate the developer. So, the book literally starts with the installation pre-requisites - yes, what you need to install before you install the Oracle BI software. The first hundred pages of the book are spent in covering the basics of business intelligence, how the product came into being, what it is composed of, and the installation.

Each subsequent chapter can be looked at both thematically and from a product perspective. So, for example, Chapter 3, "Modeling Repositories Using Relational, File, and XML Sources", and Chapter 4, "Creating Repositories from Oracle Essbase and Other OLAP Data Sources" cover how to model the metadata repository - as a theme. As a product, these two chapters are focused much on the "Admin Tool". Chapter 6, "Creating Analyses, Dashboards, KPIs and Scorecards", is all about creating the analytic content that end-users will work with, and it covers the Answers, Interactive Dashboards, and the Scorecard and Strategy Management (OSSM) products.

1        Oracle Business Intelligence Overview and Architecture  
2         Installation and Upgrading Oracle Business Intelligence  
3         Modeling Repositories Using Relational, File, and XML Sources  
4         Creating Repositories from Oracle Essbase and Other OLAP Data Sources  
5         Configuring and Maintaining the Oracle BI Server  
6         Creating Analyses, Dashboards, KPIs and Scorecards  
7         Actionable Intelligence  
8         Security  
9         Creating Published Reports
10         Systems Management
11         Managing Change
12         Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine

The 11g release of Oracle BI EE was a big, major, big upgrade from the previous 10g version. Several "things" got added, several things got changed, many pieces in the plumbing changed, and in general, it fulfilled all requirements of being a big release. The install procedure changed. The underlying middleware changed. The way security worked changed. New products got added to the suite. New capabilities. New products integrated with the suite. A new charting engine for instance. It is therefore heartening to see that the section titled, "Upgrading the 10g Repository (RPD) and 10g Web Catalog (Presentation Catalog)", covers this topic in detail, while also describing "What Happens During the RPD and Catalog Upgrade?", and listing some of the more common error messages and suggested resolutions.

So it comes to pass that Chapter 3, "Modeling Repositories Using Relational, File, and XML", starts at page 101. This is really the chapter that many will actually want to start with straightaway. Within this chapter, there is an example that is worked through, "Example: Creating the Oracle BI Repository", which should make it simple for users to follow through and try on their own. Apart from the expected, introductory material, you will also find coverage of the Aggregate Persistence feature, which is one of the key enablers of Exalytics, of "Advanced Repository Modeling Concepts", which describes how to create skip-level as well as ragged hiearchies, federation (cross-database modelling). For those wanting details on mulit-dimensional data modeling, fear not, worry not, because Chapter 4, "Creating Repositories from Oracle Essbase and Other OLAP Data Sources", is exactly what the data doctor ordered. In case you didn't know, Oracle BI supports four different OLAP data sources, including Oracle Essbase, Oracle Database OLAP Option, SAP BW, and Analysis Services. While some years ago, OLAP was a sine-qua-non for achieving high-performance querying on large datasets, advances like in-memory databases (like Times Ten), massive amounts of memory (think terabytes of RAM, not gigabytes), engineered systems (like Oracle Exalytics and Oracle Exadata), as well as continuing improvements to data warehousing technologies have meant that ever-faster performance can be achieved on ever-larger databases. In this chapter, I think the most space is devoted to Essbase. The last chapter in this section is chapter 5, "Configuring and Maintaining the Oracle BI Server", which, as you would expect, treads the areas like the configuration settings (the NQSConfig.INI file) - some that are manually maintained while others can be managed via Enterprise Manager. Also along for the ride are topics like managing the Query Cache, Usage Tracking (important topic, as you would expect), Aggregate Persistence - also an important topic.

If you are an Oracle BI developer who works more on the front-end, i.e., develop reports and Dashboards, then Chapter 6, "Creating Analyses, Dashboards, KPIs and Scorecards", is the one for you. It's a long chapter, as it needs to be, since you cover the Answers, Interactive Dashboards, and the Scorecard and Strategy Management products. This chapter is a long one, as it needs to be, and starts out with the Answers product, and goes through the basics of creating analyses, from the criteria tab, editing formulae, creating views - like graphs, tables, etc... On the subject of graphs, one trick that I think Mark missed out is that the images and screenshots in the ebook version - I don't know about the physical book - are in grayscale, and not distinguishable from each other. Colors with different brightness levels would have worked better. Yeah, you can tell, can't you, I work with data visualizations.

A bane of writing books for software applications is that often a new product comes out by the time the book goes to market, and thus some things are already out of date. Mark has done a tremendous job of keeping up with the various releases of Oracle BI EE as he wrote his book, but in some cases a few things fell through the cracks, I think. Like with spatial data visualizations, or Map Views, as they are called in the Oracle BI suite. First, some of the interaction designs were cleaned up in Map Views, so they look much cleaner. The screenshot for a map view I spotted was from an older release:
Secondly, the release introduced support for "feature themes" in Map Views. Feature themes are simply spatial themes, imported into the BI metadata, but which do not have any keys that can be mapped to BI columns from your repository. I will write a detailed post on Feature Themes later, but it is a useful feature if you plan on using Map Views in your application.
Thirdly, the release also introduced support for line geometries - a third type of spatial geometry, the other two being polygons and points. Then there are some minor but useful enhancements like the ability to specify a transparency level for color fills. Small things that are easy enough to miss in all the releases and updates that happen in the world of Oracle BI. Perhaps Mark would consider an ebook update sometime in 2013 to his book?

You may think, as you go over Chapter 6, that the area of  the "Action Framework", a major new feature in the 11g release, has been given short shrift. Far from it - there is an entire chapter devoted to it - Chapter 7, "Actionable Intelligence". And for good reason - there is much to be covered in Actions, that can be created and configured to do simple things like navigate to a URL, or open content from your BI catalog, but also very powerful things like invoke a web service, a Java method, a server script, an HTTP request, and so on. The premise of the Action Framework is to help close the Insight-to-Action loop, i.e. from a Dashboard, where insight is gained, allow the analyst to take action based on this insight by invoking the appropriate Action.

How security works in the 11g release of Oracle BI underwent a major revamp. It is very important, if you are working with building the appropriate access privileges and configuring security in Oracle BI that you read Chapter 8, "Security", very carefully. Pay careful attention to the section, "Understanding Oracle Business Intelligence Security Infrastructure, Application Roles, and Application Policies", as well as the sections that follow.

Chapter 9, "Creating Published Reports", is all about Oracle BI Publisher. Another chapter to read carefully if you work with or have worked with the tool in its 10g release. This is another product in the suite that has undergone several major enhancements - whether it is how you construct the data model, or the Online Layout Editor (a replacement for the Template Builder for Microsoft Word plug-in), or even the enhanced level of integration with Oracle BI, especially in how BI Publisher reports can be embedded inside Dashboards.

If you are a serious Oracle BI developer, then at some point in your BI implementations you will need to deal with issues like change management, how to implement multi-user development (also referred to by the singularly glamorous acronym of MUD), how to move your metadata from one instance to another, and how to use version control tools with your Oracle BI metadata. Chapter 11, "Managing Change" (though this chapter title could also work just as well for the title of some management guru's book), is the chapter for you.

Chapter 12, "Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine", serves as an introduction to Oracle Exalytics, the latest addition to Oracle's family of engineered systems. At the time this book went to press, a final decision had not been taken, or communicated, as to which of these features would finally make it to the release. Hence a disclaimer in the chapter. So there is only a mention in passing on multi-panel visualizations, Trellis views - both the Simple and Advanced Trellis, as well as a visualization available within the Trellis View - microcharts, available as SparkLines, SparkBars, and SparkAreas. And on "go-less" prompts, and "autocomplete" prompts. As things stand, all of these features are available with the Oracle BI EE release - both as "software-only" and on Exalytics.

You should have gathered this much, if nothing else from my review so far, that this book is not meant for the casual user of Oracle Business Intelligence. You will be better served by perusing the several useful blogs that dot the interwebs. This book is meant for the serious BI developer, who needs to know the nuts and bolts of the Oracle Business Intelligence suite.

So all is good and exciting? Yes. Mostly. Mostly? So what did I not like about this book?
Well, let's get one thing right - this is an excellent book, and I daresay every Oracle BI consultant out there will end up buying, borrowing, or sharing a copy of this book. On the other hand, I can get crotchety and nitpicky at times. So let's continue the cribfest.

Firstly, I did spot a few errors; minor ones. For instance, on page 13, Mark writes that "Oracle announced in 2005 that what was previously called Siebel Analytics would now be adopted by Oracle Corporation as their strategic business intelligence platform..." The product name was actually "Siebel Business Analytics", and the decision was actually taken in early 2006, and communicated, first, to the business intelligence development teams, and then to other groups within Oracle. In December 2005, if memory serves me right, a technical evaluation of the Siebel Business Analytics stack had begun in earnest, and a recommendation was formulated. The external communication of this decision was sometime in March 2006, at an event held in New York. Or that "the core of the product itself can be traced back to groundbreaking work done by the nQuire team back in the mid-1990’s." - nQuire started in 1999, and released their first version in 2001, and were acquired by Siebel in 2002/2003.
These are minor quibbles, and the precise dates of how nQuire and Siebel Business Analytics came to be Oracle BI are at best of historical interest at this point.
Or when the text says, "Oracle BI Office Oracle Business Intelligence comes with a plug-in to Microsoft Office 2003, 2007, and Oracle Office..." - there is actually a separate plug-in for Oracle Office. The Oracle BI Office Add-in cannot install on Oracle Office, nor does it work with Oracle Office. The paragraph also left out mention of the Smart View plug-in that comes with the ability to connect to the Oracle BI Server - it is admittedly basic functionality, and it is not part of the Oracle BI EE suite, so it may be ok to leave its mention out.

You will find almost no coverage of the Oracle BI Office Add-in, the Microsoft Office plug-in for Oracle BI EE, available for Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint. Nor of Smart View. While Oracle has communicated that its long-term strategy is to build out the analysis and integration capabilities of Smart View to access Oracle BI EE content, the Oracle BI Office Add-in continues to provide support for embedding and analyzing Oracle BI content.

The Oracle BI Mobile product also finds little mention. The release of the Oracle BI Mobile product is covered, but the more substantive, and more functional release came with the release of the Oracle BI Mobile HD app for Apple iPad, which introduced much greater support for touch-based interactions, location intelligence support, true-fidelity rendering of Scorecard views as HTML5 components,  and much more. Again, this is more a limitation of deadlines - the book, I gather, had to go to print by the time the release was going out the door.
Perhaps Mark will consider doing an ebook or online update to this book and include these topics.

The other issue, and perhaps the more substantive one, is that while the book is a veritable goldmine of information once you know Oracle BI, for the completely newcomer, it's a bit daunting. Perhaps some sort of a visual layout of how the book is organized - color coded perhaps - and an indicator at the beginning of each chapter or major section showing which part of the suite and functionality it covered would have eased the job of the newbie. It's a subjective opinion, but hey - as long as we're being negative, let's go the whole hog.

In closing, and after having spent a few hours with the book, I can say it's a mammoth effort that brings, perhaps for the first time in one complete book, all the resources that an Oracle BI developer could want. In short, an indispensable guide for the business intelligence developer.

ISBN: 978-0-07-179875-4
MHID: 0-07-179875-7
ISBN: 978-0-07-179874-7
MHID: 0-07-179874-9.

Kindle Excerpt:

Thursday, November 15, 2012

Author Podcast - Mark Rittman

Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developers GuideAs part of the Oracle Author Podcasts, Paul Rodwick, VP of Oracle BI Product Management, spoke with Mark Rittman, author of the recently released Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developers Guide. It is a massive tome, coming in at just under 1100 pages. I have been reading it, and hope to have a review up in a week or two, but in the meantime, peruse this informative podcast.

McGraw-Hill: Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developers Guide : Book
Chapter One
Kindle e-book, Amazon, Amazon UK

Kindle Excerpt:

Monday, November 12, 2012

Oracle BI Mobile Security Toolkit

The Oracle BI Mobile Security Toolkit, version .1272, for Apple iPad (iOS 5 and iOS 6) is now available for download from the Oracle Technology Network here (

Heh? What's that?
Here's the short blog post explaining what (my personal take, with lots and lots of help from our super PMs and development team working on this, of course!).

The Oracle BI Mobile Security Toolkit "provides the ability to generate a signed version of the Oracle BI Mobile HD application. The toolkit includes the instructions and necessary content to build this application making use of Apple’s Xcode and the IOS SDKs."

What this basically means is that this allows you - the customer - to take an unsigned, unpacked version of the Oracle BI Mobile app, and combine it with the third-party mobile security vendor of your choice to create a secure, containerized version of the Oracle BI Mobile that can then be managed with the mobile device management solution that you - the customer - choose. There are some restrictions and caveats, of course, but in a nutshell that's the premise of this toolkit.

This - additional layer of security - is important because mobile devices present a new challenge in terms of security and device management. With more and more business information being delivered to mobile devices like smartphones, even more pertinent for businesses - to tablets, and more and more business information being stored on tablets, companies have a vested interest in ensuring that these tablets can be managed by their IT departments, that the data when stored on these devices can be secured, and should a device be misplaced, any business applications and data stored on those devices be wiped, remotely if needed, and deleted by IT. As the oft-repeated cliche goes, your company's business data and IP walks out the door every time your employee carries a smartphone or tablet, with your company's apps and data on them, out the door. It is in your business interests to secure and protect that data.

While mobile apps like Oracle BI Mobile have several mechanisms to provide multiple levels of security - support for SSL, Single Sign-On, VPN, fine-grained access controls, control over offline storage of data, and more - some aspects like device management are best done by device management solutions since they allow an IT department to formulate and enforce policies across the board for all apps that their employees download on to their tablets.

So what does the toolkit do? It allows third-party vendors to generate signed secure versions of the Oracle BI Mobile app.

So what are some of the capabilities that a third-party device management's software provide that may be of interest to a customer? Apart from the BI Mobile app's own security features, a third-party MDM vendor could provide such features as geo-fencing (i.e. allow the app or selected apps to be operable only within a specified geographic area, and to either warn or disable access to the app should the user venture outside the specified area), improved encryption (for instance, enforce the encryption of the Oracle BI Mobile app's offline data at all times, or specify a different encryption algorithm), local data management (set policies for ensuring that old data is deleted from the device after a certain period), data wipe (a data wipe can be initiated remotely by an IT administrator that wipes all data from a specified app, or apps, or in some cases from the entire device itself).

A key benefit - for some customers - is "containerization". Containerization basically wraps the target app, in this case, for example, the Oracle BI Mobile app, within a container, that err, contains, a proprietary set of networking APIs, so that all network traffic - mostly HTTP and HTTPS, but also other protocols, depending on the vendor - from the target app to the container's networking APIs, so that an additional layer of security and verification can be implemented. You may recall that BlackBerry messenger services have employed such an approach, with great success over many years, and indeed, theirs has been an approach that other vendors have adopted when building enterprise security solutions for mobile platforms.

The download link for the Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile Security Tool Kit is available from the Software Downloads page of the Oracle Technology Network (see screenshot below).
Software Downloads on OTN

Alternatively, you can directly click this link to go to the download page (the direct link - - in case the URL shortening service stops working). You have to click to accept the "OTN License Agreement", and then download the 25MB toolkit.
Download Page for the Oracle BI Mobile Security Tool Kit
There is a readMe.txt in the toolkit that outlines what you need to do to create a project using the app bundled with the toolkit.

Finally, note a few additional things.
First, there are some licensing restrictions that define what you can and what you cannot do with respect to customizations.
Second, this toolkit is delivered free of charge to you as customers. That also means that all other licensing requirements of using the Oracle BI Mobile app continue to apply.
Basically, please be sure to read all relevant material as it applies to your usage of the Oracle BI Mobile app and this toolkit - in case of doubts, please contact your Oracle contact to get these clarified. And yes - this is a disclaimer - please use this post only for general information, and do not take anything written here to be official Oracle policy. In case of doubt, check with your Oracle representative.

That's all folks. Take care.
Nov 12, 2012

Thursday, October 18, 2012

New Maps OBE

Building Maps for Oracle Business Intelligence Analyses and Dashboard - This is a new OBE ("Oracle By Learning") available from the Oracle Learning Library, and it walks you from soup to nuts (is that the right expression? Yes, it is). I.e., from importing a small spatial dataset into the Oracle Database, and then working with it in MapBuilder, defining the datasource in MapViewer, and then moving on to Oracle Business Intelligence, importing this metadata, and finally using it in a Map View inside an analysis.

Go take a look - it's very useful.

Take care, and bye for now.
Oct 18, 2012.

Tuesday, October 09, 2012

Sample App v207 Fixes

There are known bugs, and then there are unknown bugs. In the case of the Sample App update that went out (Oracle Business Intelligence Blog: BI EE SampleApp v207 ( BP1) Available on OTN), there were some unknown bugs that went along with the Sample App. These were unknown at the time, but we are happy to say that these are now known, and even better, have been fixed.

How to get or apply those fixes?
The simplest option would be to download and take a look at the PDF-format document that describes these issues, as well as the fixes. V207 Known Issue Fixes

There are four issues for which fixes are described:
  1. "Dropdown Content Menu"
  2. "Desktop shortcuts for APS and EAS"
  3. "BI Server not starting due to expired password" - for my money, this is the most serious issue, and it is categorized as "1 - Severe". It is severe and serious because this error causes the "BI Server and Presentation Services do not start up. WLS Admin Server throws an error". Yes, that serious. The issue itself is caused because the OID password is set to expire after 120 days. The fix for this requires you to open up a terminal window on your virtual machine image and run a series of commands, that basically set the password to never expire.
  4. "APEX commentary dashboard"
PDF Document describing the known issues and their fixes
The OID password expiry issue is fairly easy to fix. As you can see, I followed the instructions, and it took less than five minutes to enter the commands shown.

Thank you. Take care, and till the next post, goodbye.
Bangalore, Oct 09, 2012

BI Mobile App with iOS 6 Support

A new version of the "Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile HD" app for the Apple iPad became available for download earlier in the day. This is version, and it has been updated to support iOS 6.

Happy downloading.
The link to the app's iTunes page:

Screenshot of BI Mobile HD App on iTunes
This, below, is a screenshot of the App Store updates screen. As you can see, the list of apps requiring updating on your iPad will include the Oracle BI Mobile HD app.
Screenshot of the App Store 'Updates' screen

Happy updating. Happy analyzing.
Take care, and have a good day.
Bangalore, Oct 09, 2012

Monday, October 08, 2012

On Maps - 1

This is a short post. I hope. I do not know how long this will be, so this is more of an apriori statement. In any case, I have decided to make this a series of posts. This one will be, to make my initial statement true, a short post. I will lay out what I intend to describe in this series, why I intend to describe these points, and finally, how I intend to do the same. If that sounds very academic, do not worry. I shall endeavor to keep it light, frothy, bubbly, and fun. In any case, before I inject fun into this post, let me start by first stating that whatever I state in this post is my personal opinion, and that nothing I write should be taken as a statement of Oracle's product direction, nor a commitment to deliver features, in any release, etc... You know - the standard disclaimers. In any event, I will not, repeat, rinse, repeat - NOT - be talking about future functionality. Because, in the words of the Doc, "the future's not written".

It turns out, after speaking with customers, partners, and even people inside Oracle, and even books, that there is lingering confusion as to what map views are, how they work, what they can do, what they cannot do, what they should do, and so on. Part of this confusion arises from the fact that maps are not textual data visualizations. They aren't even graphical visualizations, in the strictest of senses, but more cartographic data visualizations.
They are close, in a lot of ways, to graphical visualizations, however, for the following reasons:
1. The representation of a metric on a map requires two separate components. One is, obviously, the data. Like "Yearly Revenue by State", or "Billed Quantity by Product Brand by Country", and so on. The second component that is required to complete a map visualization is the format. Yes, there is a third component here, but it is not essential in some cases, as I will demonstrate, but later. The second component is the choice of the data format. Map Views today support three types of geometries - polygonal, point, and linear.

2. For each geometry, different data formats are supported. Therefore, for polygons, you have at least six formats supported: a color fill, which in turn supports three different types of algorithms for determining the colors of the shapes; a bubble format, a variable shape, a bar graph, a pie chart, and even image formats. Sometime during development, we had yet another format that we wanted to support, but because of reasons that I will not get into, I, as the product manager, had requested that we remove it. And so it got removed. Anyway, the point is that data requires a format, which in turns is determined by the an attribute of the data we want to create a format on.

3. A tile. Wallpaper. Say what? Say this - if I were to format a metric by states of the US, you may or may not be able to make out the states quite so well. If, however, I were to plant a map of the United States below the formats, you would not have so much trouble now, would you? Precisely! The background map, the basemap, the tile layers - and we will eventually get into what these animals are - help provide context.

So what about the chart? A chart, like a pie, a bar, a scatter plot, etc... all are graphical representations of data, aren't they? You have numbers, and then you, as the data analyst, the report author, make a decision as to how those numbers should be visualized. The choice can be sometimes and somewhat arbitrary, and the less aware of best practices in data visualization the user, the more arbitrary these choices are likely to be. However, there is an element of choice involved in how data is visualized, and this choice in turn determines how the data is perceived and understood by the user.

Don't we have textual data visualizations that afford the same choices? Well, yes and no. You have table views, pivot views, and some other views that Oracle BI offers that are textual in nature, but that's about it. You can also determine the font, the color, the size of the numbers and text in the view, and you can also determine the order in which the data should be presented, but that's about it - it is, at the end of the day, or the night, still textual in appearance.

Next steps: I will add screenshots to this post to illustrate my points. But later.

Thank you. Take care.
Bangalore, Oct 08, 2012

Thursday, September 27, 2012

Now Shipping - Oracle BI 11g Dev Guide

I noticed a couple of days ago that Mark Rittman's much-awaited book, Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developers Guide, has now started shipping. It's been in the works for a few years, and I first heard about it from Mark in 2006, so yes - it's been in the works for many years. The reasons for the time it's taken are many, but the good news is that it is now available, and knowing Mark's extensive experience in business intelligence in general and with Oracle's business intelligence and data warehousing product portfolio, this should prove to be very helpful to BI professionals. I am reading it (courtesy Mark and Betty at McGraw-Hill - yes, disclosure) even as we speak - no, wait, that's a terrible cliche to use. Scratch that. I am reading the book, and I will try and put up initial impressions next week. In the meantime, go check the book out. Take note that this is a massive 1000+ page book, so it's not exactly a Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire sort of a bedside read.

If you get the e-book version, I gather it's got some additional and more recently updated material on Trellis visualizations as well as Exalytics and the release.

Kindle Excerpt

Happy reading, and take care.
27 Sep, 2012, Bangalore

Monday, September 24, 2012

GRC Book Giveaway

Yes, I heard you. What's a GRC (Governance, Risk, and Compliance) book give-away doing on an analytics blog? Well, the short of it is that PackT Publishing are giving away two e-book copies of their book, Governance, Risk, and Compliance Handbook for Oracle Applications, written by Nigel King and Adil Khan.

So, if you are interested in getting your hands on an e-book version of this book, please take a look at this tweet,, and reply to the tweet with a comment on why you would like this book. The contest will remain open for 10 days, and at the end of the 10 days, two people will be selected to receive the book.

Governance, Risk, and Compliance Handbook for Oracle Applications | Packt Publishing (Amazon, Kindle, Safari Books Online, Barnes & Noble)

And here's hoping that there are more give-aways from PackT Publishing, but with analytics books.

Have a good day.
September 24, 2012

Monday, September 10, 2012

Oracle BI Mobile HD App - 3

To continue from an earlier post of mine (Oracle BI Mobile HD App - 2), I will look at other ways of interacting with data on views. To recap, in that post, which would be , I talked about the support for tooltips via a tap gesture and draggable tooltips via the tap-and-drag gesture.

In this post, let us take a brief look at some of the other interactions available on views like the Table and Pivot and Trellis (yes, I used a conjunction where a comma should have been).
When interacting with a Pivot View, for instance, you can use the mouse right-click to view the interactions available. The section, Right-Click Menu for Tables, Pivot Tables, and Trellises, from the "Oracle® Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition" doc guide says this about right-click interactions:

"The interactions that are available when you right-click in a table, pivot table, or trellis depend on:
  • The type of data view
  • The data that you have selected data. When you right-click a:
    • Column heading, the available right-click interactions are related to that column, for example, Exclude column or Show Subtotal.
    • Member, the available right-click interactions are related to that member, for example, Expand and Create Group. Interactions that are related to the column that contains the member are also available.
  • Whether you are working in design mode (for example, in the Analysis editor), in a dashboard, or in run-time mode"

More than thirty interactions are available, and these are of great value to Dashboard users, who have greater ways to analyze their data.
Right-click interactions in a Pivot View

These right-click interactions are available via the tap-and-hold gesture in the BI Mobile app. Therefore, if you were to tap-and-hold the "2009" value in the pivot view below, a menu is displayed that contains the same interactions as in the desktop browser mode.

Similarly, if you were to right-click the a value on the left-edge of the Pivot View, you get an even richer array of interaction options, including multi-dimensional analysis options like "Keep Only", "Remove", "Keep Only Related", and more. Since these options could get numerous, these are organized into sub-menus; so if you tap the "Sort" option, you would get options like "Sort Ascending", "Sort Descending", "Add Ascending Sort", "Sort Descending Sort", "Clear All Sorts".

And what about Table views? Since you cannot really do any pivoting, since this is a Table view and not a Pivot view that we are talking about, the choice of interactions is necessarily limited. However, you can choose to exclude this column from your view, or move this column to the Section or Page edge, which can come in handy if you need to look at a subset of your data.

The Trellis View is a new view in the release, so let's spend a minute talking about the good Trellis view also. Many, but not all, of the interactions you saw in the Pivot View are also available for the Trellis view, as can be seen in the screenshot below. Again, the tap-and-hold gesture is what is needed.

I apologize for the brevity of this post, but I struggle with some other tasks at work, but I promise a longer post very soon.

Take care, and have a good week.
10 Sep 2012, Bangalore

Previous Posts on the Oracle BI EE Release: (or simply use this tag: to find all posts for this release)

Thursday, August 30, 2012

The Oracle BI Mobile Demo Server

Yes. There is a live demo server now available for the Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile app. Specifically, this demo server supports the latest Oracle BI Mobile app, that went live some time back. That's good news, right?

How do you access it? The process couldn't be simpler. You need to do two things.
Access this page first.

You need to have an account on first. If you do not, you can register. It takes a minute, less I suppose if you're really fast at typing or are using one of those automatic profile plug-ins that store and regurgitate basic information like your name, address, contact details, etc... Anyway, I digress. If you have registered and have your account information handy, and I mean a login and password by that, please do go ahead and login. After you have logged in, you will be presented with this page, very simple, and all it does is ask for three pieces of information, and one item is optional, and one of the mandatory options is a radio button choice, so it's not asking for much, is it? Quite reasonable, and doable without fuss I would imagine.

After you have provided this information, the next page is even simpler. It provides you with a link to the Apple iTunes App Store to download the Oracle BI Mobile app from. This is the link, in case you are wondering. The second is a link to a PDF that contains the configuration instructions.

Once you have the configuration entered in the BI Mobile app, you are all set.

Happy analyzing.

Links to download the Oracle BI Mobile App and Configuration Instructions

Customizable Wallpaper in the Oracle BI Mobile App

Thank you.
30 Aug, 2012

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Oracle Exalytics V1 Patch Set 1 is now GA

The Oracle Exalytics v1 Patch Set 1 is now generally available (GA). In fact, it has been available for a couple of weeks now. The update to Exalytics, the industry's first engineered in-memory analytics machine, delivers new capabilities, performance optimizations, Hyperion Planning, and Endeca Information Discovery.

This V1 Patch Set (v,  is recommended for all new and existing Exalytics customers.

So what's new in this update? Well, the software bits are new, as in updated. The three updated components of the Oracle Exalytics  v1 update are:
  • Oracle BI Enterprise Edition BP1
  • Oracle TimesTen for Exalytics
  • Oracle Essbase
As you may be aware, the Oracle BI Enterprise Edition update provided several new capabilities across the board, the two biggest being enhancements in the area of visualizations and a revampled mobile app for the Apple iPad device. New Trellis visualizations - basically a grid of charts - that make it easy to visualize and understand massive data sets. When combined with the performance that Exalytics delivers, you get true speed-of-thought analysis. These Trellis visualizations support rendering data as new microcharts, like the SparkLine, SparkBar, and SparkArea microcharts. These are compact, cell-sized, data-dense visualizations and allow users to quickly discern the shapes and trends of data.

On the topic of in-memory analytics and performance, faster aggregate creation is now available, since both TimesTen and Oracle BI EE have been enhanced to enable faster data loads. Enhancements include parallel data load, index creation and disabling redo logging.

Separately, there there is a smaller footprint for TimesTen aggregates. The Oracle BI Server now generates a TimesTen optimized schema to significantly reduce the memory footprint used.

There is a Model Checker, faster query performance, and Faster aggregate recommendations.

With Oracle Enterprise Performance Management System Release, Oracle Hyperion Planning is supported on the Oracle Exalytics machine.

Oracle Endeca Information Discovery can now run on Exalytics with these versions:

  • Oracle Endeca Information Discovery 2.3.0
  • Oracle Endeca Server 7.3.2.

Then you also get Oracle Data Integrator certified to target TimesTen for Exalytics, and Oracle GoldenGate for TimesTen has been certified against TimesTen for Exalytics as a target.

And a bunch of other hardware related enhancements like Storage Area Network (SAN) Certification, and Auto Service Request (ASR) for Hard Drives.

Oracle Exalytics Documentation Library (link)

Thursday, August 16, 2012

Certification Matrix for

The Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations page has been updated with the "System Requirements and Supported Platforms for Oracle Business Intelligence Suite Enterprise Edition 11gR1" (aka SR&SP) for the release. It is available as a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, and can be directly downloaded here.
Screenshot of SR SP Certification Matrix for Oracle BI

Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Updated BI Mobile App Available (

An update to the Oracle BI Mobile App became available a few days ago (iTunes link). You would have spotted this update on your Apple iPad devices, by the badge on the App Store icon, and this would also have appeared as in the list of updates available for your iPad device.

So what's new and what's different in this release?
Well, first of all, before you get into that topic, a note on how to identify this update.
When we released the Oracle BI Mobile App for the BI EE release, it had a version number of

This new app has is versioned
The second way to identify this as an update is by the date. On the Oracle BI Mobile app's page on iTunes, you will see a date of Aug 11, 2012. That is less than a week old.
Updated Oracle BI Mobile app, version, in App Store App

So what's new in this app?

Basically there are a few bug fixes. These bugs were identified late in the release cycle, and in one case, I think, after the app had been on the App Store. The decision was to put out an update to the app a few weeks hence.
Some of the issues fixed are:

  • Slider prompt values are correctly being displayed and changed as values are updated.
  • Highly dense trellis charts no longer intermittently display network time out errors. If an actual network timeout occurs, end users will be provided with the opportunity to reload the data.
  • Presentation Variables with default values are now being correctly displayed
  • Sliders with ordinal numbers will appropriately populate the to and from fields.

The update process is quite straightforward. Once you tap to install the updated app, it downloads and installs in about a minute or less.

After the installation has completed, you can start the app and either log in to any of the connections you have - all connection information is preserved, or go offline and check the "Version" information to verify that you are indeed, running the latest and greatest (and updated) version of the Oracle BI Mobile App.

In closing, here are a few useful links:

Updated: to add a link to the tweet announcing the updated app, and this post. Very recursive, all this.

Wednesday, August 08, 2012

New Oracle BI Book Due Shortly

Mark Rittman, longtime Oracle expert, consultant, and now soon-to-be author, tweeted that the book he has been working on for some time, Oracle Business Intelligence 11g Developers Guide, should be "out soon", now that it has completed edits and final proofs. It promises to be an interesting read, and given its scope of coverage, I expect it to find its place on many an Oracle BI developer's desk.

It doesn't look like the book will be available in an ebook format like the Kindle, which is a pity. A 900 page book would be much more convenient to carry in bits-and-bytes I expect.

Friday, August 03, 2012

Oracle BI Mobile at the Speed of Thought

There is a new video available on the Oracle web site that showcases the new Oracle BI Mobile application for the release.

Here is the link:

This is a short three-minute video that takes you on a fast-tour of the new Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile app for the Oracle BI EE release. I have been blogging about this release and this app for the past couple of weeks, and this video, produced jointly by our marketing and product management teams, put together a very neat and informative tour of the capabilities in the app and the release.

There is a link provided in the video for more information. And you can always get the app from the Apple iTunes App Store, the software bits from either the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud or from the Oracle Technology Network (Note: you will need to get the patch from Oracle Support)

And as I blogged yesterday (I am in Bangalore, ergo), you could try the new version of the Sample App to give the new release a spin, courtesy a Virtual Box Virtual Image, with all the software and data installed and pre-configured. Plug-and-play comes to enterprise software samples!

All posts on the release.

Bangalore, August 3, 2012

Wednesday, August 01, 2012

BI EE SampleApp v207 ( BP1) Available on OTN

The Sample App for Oracle BI EE has proven to be very popular and much appreciated by everyone - both within and outside Oracle.
An updated version of the Sample Application is now available for download from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) here.

The Sample App has been updated, and is now available as a downloadable Virtual Box Virtual Image (VM). The VM has Oracle BI EE BP1, Oracle Database (with Apex, OLAP, ODM & ORE), Oracle TimesTen, Oracle Essbase, Oracle Internet Directory, and other Oracle software installed and configured.

What this means is this - download the Virtual Box image, deploy it, and you could be up and running in less than half an hour.

Sample App for Oracle BI EE page on OTN
It does not really get any simpler than this.

The downloadable image is approximately 22GB in size. In this day and age of 1 Terabit per second broadband and all, 22GB is a mere trifle.

The SampleApp contents and its example custom codes, including but not limited to, any example custom Java programs, JavaScript, SQL, SQL Loader Scripts, Shell Scripts, R Scripts and reports, are distributed free for demonstrative purposes only. It is neither maintained nor supported by Oracle as a licensed product. Oracle  specifically do not guarantee the accuracy of the results produced by any of these custom utilities. You must accept and comply with OTN License Agreement to use OBI EE SampleApp.

Oracle BI Mobile HD App - 2

In my earlier post, Oracle BI Mobile HD App - 1, I started to talk about and show some of the capabilities of the recently released Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile app for the Apple iPad, as part of the Oracle BI EE 11g, version release. I blogged how you could download and install the app, and how the location intelligence feature works in it.

Continuing in that vein, I am going to take a closer look at some of the interactivity features available in this release.

Visualizations are an integral part of any analytics application. Visualizations are how data presentations best enable quick discovery of anomalies, trends, and areas for further investigation. Visualizations are what draw users to further explore data on a Dashboard. Yes, I know, I know. But the fact remains that a good visualization is well worth its wait in insight aurum. Tabular views have their own place in the scheme of things, but visualizations grounded in sound theory are what provide the quickest bang for the buck. In short, I seem to be saying visualizations, and good visualizations specifically, are the answer to global hunger. No, I am not, but within the context of data analysis I would venture and say a good visualization is worth a thousand insights.

Oracle BI EE offers a rich palette of visualizations from which to construct Analyses and Dashboards. For facilitating detailed inspection of data you have the table view. For a multi-dimensional yet detailed look at data, there is the Pivot View. Charts offer the convenience of being able to provide high-level overview of data, with the option of drilling down for viewing trends and data at a more granular level, while tooltips offer the convenience of providing specific, accurate values of data, while at the same time not adding unneeded artifacts to the visualization (a double-negative is a no-no in writing, but I don't lay any claims to literary aspirations).

Coming to the specific topic of visualizations like graphs, and how to interact with them on tablets like the iPad, let's take a look at two topics. The first is "tooltips" and the second is interactions. Actually, both are interactions, but you will see what I mean in just a bit.

As I mentioned earlier, charts are very useful because they provide a great way to take-in all the data being displayed in one glance, without being overwhelmed with the details. Put another way, you want to make use of your pre-attentive processing skills here. Look at a chart and without consciously making an effort, get a general "sense" of the data displayed. After that, you can start exploring. Exploration usually begins with a simple gesture, a simple action like invoking a tooltip. On the traditional desktop browser this easy enough to do - you move your mouse over the concerned series, and a tooltip pops-up with the relevant information. Secondly, when using a mouse, you have much greater control over the preciseness of movement and therefore, even with small charts where data is densely packed, you do not experience usability issues.

Not so much the case with touch devices. On touch devices, you do not get a tooltip via a hover gesture. In fact, several design guides for touch computing proscribe using hover gestures, which makes sense. At least for now, no hover gesture is workable on tablets - you cannot really place your finger a teeny weeny millimeter over the tablet and expect a hover tooltip to materialize. At least, not yet. On the other hand, people using traditional computer interfaces that support a mouse have become very used to hover gestures providing context and additional information - the hover tooltip is a great aid in discoverability. Some may argue that a hover gesture should not be required, and when relied upon is often an indication of a poor design. There may well be a smidgeon of truth in that, but the fact remains that the hover gesture can greatly reduce unintended clicks.

On touch devices, you have to tap to get a tooltip, or invoke whatever action has been defined on the item being tapped. The second issue is that preciseness of touch does not match that of a mouse on a computer. Doesn't even come close. So when you tap on an item, it is not guaranteed that you will in fact end up tapping that intended item. Apple says as much, which is why their design guidelines call for a minimum dimension for buttons and tap targets. However, when you are dealing with dynamic views like charts, where you could get as few as four values at one level of a hierarchy, and drilling down could result in tens, even hundreds of values, this can be a problem. For instance, at the region level, my chart may show only six countries for South Asia - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan. Drill down India, and I could end up with over 600 items, if my next level in the hierarchy is showing data at the "district" level. A problem. On the browser interface of Oracle BI EE, this is not really a problem, because the "zoom-and-scroll" feature on graphs is intended to address precisely this issue.

So how does the Oracle BI Mobile app handle this problem? By supporting touch gestures.

That's it? No more details?
Yes, yes, details, details, details.
What are the most popular and useful charts? The bar? Yes. Vertical bar chart? Yes. Stacked Vertical Bar? Yes. Horizontal Bar? Yes. Stacked Horizontal Bar? Yes. Line? Yes. Basically, let's take a look at what I consider the most popular and perhaps even the most useful of charts, the bar chart. The good old bar chart. The much abused bar chart.

Consider the screenshot below, and notice the stacked vertical bar chart displayed in the bottom left corner of the screen. Here I am plotting "Revenue" data at the grain of "Month" and "Brand". This means, that my series is by "Month", i.e. the X-axis is plotting data by month. My grouping of data is by "Brand", i.e. within each month, I have grouped my data by "brand". Each stacked bar for each month represents Revenue data in a given month for a given brand.

If I need to interact with this data, I need to be able to tap on any bar and get a tooltip. The tooltip would then provide me with information about the item tapped, but also let me initiate an action on the item. The action could be "nothing" - as in the report author did not provide any interaction that could be performed on the item, "drill" - as in drill down the item tapped, "actions" - as in invoke the Action defined on the item or display a menu of Actions available for the item, and "send master-detail event" - as in send a master-detail event on the channel specified in the analysis.

To get a tooltip, tap on the bar. A color-coded tooltip is displayed. What this means is that the leader line of the tooltip as well as the border color of the tooltip is the same color as the bar you tapped. Helps, doesn't it.

But what if you did not intend to tap on the bar for the "HomeView" brand? That's ok, because you can drag the tooltip. Drag, did I say? Yes, Tap anywhere in the tooltip, except on the button, and drag the tooltip down, or up. If you drag it down, the tooltip will snap to the next item in the series, and update to display you data for the "FunProd" brand. And you can see that the color of the leader and the border of the tooltip changes. Drag up, drag down.

Repeat it and drag the tooltip all the way down, to the first brand, "BizTech"

So this is how you can tap and drag the tooltip within a series. But what if you want to drag it across a series. I.e. you want to see data for a selected brand across all the months that you have displayed on the chart? Yes, of course, be my guest. Tap and you get a tooltip. Now tap-and-drag this tooltip across the chart, and the tooltip merrily accompanies your drag gesture, the information inside the tooltip changing as you move from one bar to the other.
Now, these tooltip gestures are not limited to standalone charts. These are also available in the Trellis view. The new kid on the visualizations block in this release. Specifically, the tap-and-drag gesture is available in the Simple Trellis. What is a Simple Trellis? It is a Trellis visualization that supports one visualization across the entire Trellis. And we will talk about that in a future post. As the next two screenshots illustrate, you can tap inside a cell in the Trellis grid to get a tooltip, and then drag this tooltip within the cell.

What about the Advanced Trellis and tooltips and gestures? First, what is an Advanced Trellis? An Advanced Trellis is a Trellis view that supports multiple visualizations; i.e. a different visualization per measure. And we will talk about this in a later post. An Advanced Trellis also makes use of microcharts, like the SparkBar, SparkLine, SparkArea - which means that they are even more suited to visualizing large amounts of data - literally thousands of data points in a Single Trellis view, hundreds in each cell. In spark visualizations, the intent is to discern the overall trend and shape of the data in a cell, and not so much on the individual values. Therefore, what is most appropriate for a cell in an Advanced Trellis is to provide a summary of the data - the measure name, the initial or starting value, the last or end value, and the minimum and maximum values.

I really want to get this post, err... posted, so I am excluding other interactions on graph views that I wanted to talk about from this post, and will include them in a subsequent post.

Thank you.

Abhinav Agarwal,
Bangalore, August 01, 2012

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Oracle BI Mobile HD App - 1

As usual, and unsurprisingly, I am late with my promised follow-up post on the latest Oracle BI EE release, version

I wanted to, still want to, and hopefully will do, a series of short posts on the new release, focusing on a few areas, and leaving out others.

The three areas I hope to focus on in the first pass are the new mobile app, geo-spatial visualizations, and some exciting new data visualizations.

Starting with the first one, the Oracle BI Mobile app.

This, Oracle Business Intelligence Mobile HD, is a new app that Oracle released along with the server software, version, and the app has been available on the Apple iTunes App Store for a little over a month now. As an aside, I must say we were very pleased with the hassle-free and lightning quick review and approval process from Apple. Not that one would expect anything different.

So, where can you get the new app from? I think I just answered that, i.e. from the Apple iTunes App Store. But I do apologize. Let me elaborate.

As you would expect, there are two ways to get the app. Three, if you are an Oracle employee, but let's just keep the post focused on the general public.

Before I start, here is the link to the app's page:

If browsing from your computer, you can launch the iTunes application. From there, you can either browse to the Business apps category, or directly search for the app by typing "Oracle" or "Oracle BI" as your keywords. Either will do just fine. Note here that you are going to get TWO results for the Oracle BI Mobile app. Yes. Nice, isn't it? Choice is always a good thing. So what's up with the choice here? If you are running the latest and greatest version of Oracle BI,, then you should, no - you must, use the "Oracle BI Mobile HD" app. That's because this app has some very, very nice features, and also because, and this is where things get serious, this app will connect only to the latest version of Oracle BI EE, viz.

The new Oracle BI Mobile HD app,version

At this point, you may have a question. Even if you don't, I think I am going to ask a rhetorical question and answer it, even though rhetorical questions are not meant to be answered. What if I have the version of the BI Mobile app installed on my iPad, and what if I want to connect to Oracle BI EE, Well, nothing to fear. The app will connect just fine. You will, of course, not get the really nice stuff that the new Oracle BI Mobile app has, but if you do not want to try out the new app just yet, that's ok then.

So, to return the narrative to the new app, what's the other way you can get the app? Over the air, that's how. From your iPad, you can launch iTunes, and from there locate the Oracle BI Mobile HD app, tap to install it, and you are on your way. This app is about 9MB in size, so the download should be done before you can say, "that was fast." No, really. Try it. 

Oh, by the way, as an aside, I remember a discussion with our product development team in 2010, when we were working on the earlier BI Mobile app (version There was a concern about keeping the size of the app down, because an app that was 10, 20MB, or larger in size could have deterred some from downloading the app. So went the thinking. I read an article on the web a few days back that mentioned some gaming apps that are more than 1GB in size! Times change. And fast. And how! Anyway, a 10MB app is a mere trifle. On a device running on an LTE network this should take a few seconds.

iTunes page for Oracle BI Mobile HD App on iTunes
The install process is also very, very quick.

Oracle BI Mobile HD App downloading on an iPad
After the app has installed, the next step is to launch it. Well, before that, some people like to have things arranged neatly. If you want to do that, if you want to move the Oracle BI Mobile HD to the page that you have reserved for all the other, nice Oracle apps, then you go ahead and do just that. After you have done that bit of rearranging, tap to launch the app. Now, since this is going to be the first time you would be starting the app, there is a bit of legalese that needs to be cleared off first. It is the "End User License Agreement", and you, as the end-user, need to accept it. Swipe to scroll to the bottom, click tap "Accept", and that's the last time you will see that screen, I think.

After that you see a screen that allows you to do three things. You can either connect, if you have a connection to a BI Server defined. You can stay offline. Or you can add one or more connections. Since this is the first time you are using the app, you will not have any connections defined and available. Since this is the first time you are using the app, you will also not have any offline content to peruse. Therefore, it behooves us to define a new connection. The new connection screen is the same as before. I.e., the same as in the BI Mobile app. You need to provide a name to the connection, a useful and descriptive name perhaps. The hostname, port, and other details.
If the URL you use to connect to BI on your browser looks like, then  is your host9704  is your port, the SSL option should be ON. If you are using Single Sign-On, like Oracle Access Manager, then you should check the SSO option to "ON". Else, you need to enter a username and password in their respective fields. Actually, hold that thought. You can leave the "Password" field blank, and you will be prompted for the password when you try to connect to Oracle BI EE using this connection.

There you go.
Actually, is there an easier way to define a connection? I mean, typing in hostnames and port numbers is not exactly fun, is it? No. It is not. So, is there an easier way? Yes, there is.
Well Abhinav, are you going to talk about it, or should we use transcendental meditation to divine it from you? No, no, I apologize. That is a topic for a later post, but trust me, there's an easier way to create these connections.

Ok, so we still have not seen a screen with BI on it. Yes, you haven't. And just bear with me a little while longer.
If you do not like the background wallpaper on the app, you can change it. If you tap the "Wallpaper" option from the "Settings" panel, you can select from three pre-shipped screens that come with the app. I personally prefer the dark, black-ish wallpaper, but there is a blue and green wallpaper also available. Go ahead, add some color to your analytics app.

Once you have defined these connections, one or more, you would also have set one as your default connection. Actually, when you added your first BI connection, that got set as your default connection, as evidenced by the little green checkmark against the connection name in the "Settings" panel. You can change the default connection to any other by simply tapping any other connection's row.

From the app, if you tap the "Options" menu, the second choice says "Login (....)". This is your default connection. Tap it to connect to a BI Server.

The very first time you connect to a particular BI Server from your app, you will see a cute little progress bar that says, "Downloading one-time application resources". This basically means that the app is downloading some static files that are used by BI content. Things such as CSS files, JavaScript files, and image files that are used by the app. These are not data-related files, but files used to render content correctly and to also allow for interactions on the content. Ergo, a one-time download.

Once connected, you will notice a few things. Or at least, you should. Firstly, you will notice these big, large placeholder images, arranged and presented as a carousel view. Use a single-finger swipe gesture to scroll through this carousel, and to view all the views in this list. This list could show Analyses, Dashboards, Reports, Scorecards, and more. If you do not like the carousel view, tap the icon, the on the right, on the row that reads "Recent". Yes, that one. Tap it and the view changes to a more traditional list view. Tap it again and it switches to a carousel view. The button is therefore a toggle button - it toggles the display of your most

Carousel View

List View
Before finishing up this post, I want to provide a short view into one specific feature, which is the location intelligence capability. With the release, the Oracle BI Mobile app is now able to take advantage of your location. Basically, this feature consists of two parts. The first one is determining your location. The other part involves placing a pushpin on that location and zooming the map view to your location.
As you can see from this screenshot below, the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to provide permission for the app to get your current location.

After you allow the BI Mobile app to get your location, you will see an orange pushpin placed on your current location. The map also zooms in, not quite to the street level, but somewhat in-between the street and city level.

To dismiss the location pushpin, tap the pushpin, and then tap "Remove Marker".

On to writing the next post in this series. Hopefully, fingers crossed and all, sooner than later.
Note: I am posting this in some haste, so I may come back and make some revisions.